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Learn More About Water Softeners Water softeners are used for removing hardness in water. Understanding hard water will help you know more details discussed in this article. Basically, hard water refers to “raw water” that has not undergone any form of artificial water treatment. The “raw water” contains many minerals, including magnesium and calcium. The minerals dissolve in the water when it runs through rocks containing calcium and magnesium deposits. Calcium and magnesium ions contained in hard water are eliminated by water softening systems. They replace them with sodium ions (Na+). The action of soaps and detergents is hindered by the magnesium and calcium ions. However, sodium has no effect on the actions. Water softening helps detergents and soaps to work effectively by removing oils and dirt from dishes and clothes. It helps get the slipperiness that comes with soap as you wash. Consider using less soap and detergent when using water softeners. Water softening systems are mostly installed at the point near where water gets into your house. You may cook using the water, drink it and use it to wash clothes or surfaces but not for irrigation. The system consists of several plastic resins that are porous and covered with particles that attract ions which cause water hardness. Put simply, the magnesium and calcium ions getting attached to the resins. Sodium ions are released into the water during the process to balance the electric charge of the resin. With time the resins become saturated with the ions of sodium and magnesium. The resins are then renewed when the system utilizes concentrated saltwater to rinse them. The calcium and magnesium ions are displaced by the water containing high concentrates of sodium ions from the surface of the resins, which later remains with sodium ions only. The magnesium and calcium ions are released from the system together with the saltwater to let the water softener function normally.
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Magnetic systems, reverse systems and the salt-free system are other types of water softeners besides the salt-based system. The magnetic based system uses magnetic fields to reduce the hard water effect. The system has a display panel and a number of transmitters bearing magnetic properties designed near the surface of water supply pipes.
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Salt-free water softeners are based on the concept of crystallizing ions of magnesium and calcium that are found in water. In real sense, the minerals responsible for water hardness are not removed by the system. The minerals are unable to stick to surfaces because they are converted into crystals. The last water softener on this list is the reverse-osmosis water softening system. This system involves letting water pass through fine membranes that separate the impurities from the water. You need enough pressure for this system to work effectively. Among all these water softeners, the salt-based water softening system is the best.