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Batteries: A Quick Guide Lithium batteries contain lithium ions that are known for being part of the disposable type of batteries. This is mostly use when you need to have an item to be used for a longer period of time. Lithium is the lightest metal that is known and aside from that, it also has the most potential for electrochemical activities. The popularity of lithium has been brought worldwide in relation to consumer electronics. In fact, portable gadgets are the ones benefitting from it because it is light as well as possesses high energy capacity. Lithium doesn’t use any type of poisonous chemicals like lead and cadmium that is why it very safe to use. The lithium battery is also present in most gadgets nowadays such as the cell phones, iPods, laptops and other electronic devices. Also, the button or coin cell batteries also have lithium content and these batteries are the ones present in watches. These lithium batteries are indeed popular because of the advantages they offer to you. Lithium batteries have two types- the primary and the secondary. Primary batteries are the ones that are needed to be disposed once the depletion of their lives arrives. On the other hand, secondary batteries are those that can still be re-used when you recharge them even a couple of times before it reach its depletion. Because lithium is the lightest metal, expect that the weight of the battery is also light. The primary lithium is the one that doesn’t have capabilities or recharging that is why only gadgets with less power consumption make use of it such as the CD players, toys, camera and watches. Secondary lithium or rechargeable batteries are mostly used in electronics related to medical, consumer and military in which high energy power is needed. At present, automobile industry is now looking into lithium because of its ability to store more energy.
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Another advantage of lithium is its capability to store energy in atomic bonds because it is a reactive element. The average power that a lithium battery weighing 1kg can store is around 150 watt/hour. If you compare it to lead batteries, the difference is really high since lead battery can only store maximum of 25 watt. In fact, even nickel-metal battery can’t reach the level of lithium because it can only store up to 70 watt/hour. Generally, lithium batteries can store double figures compared to the other types of batteries.
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The maintenance of lithium is not really very high. In fact, lithium doesn’t have to do anything with the memory effect. Another advantage of lithium is that it doesn’t need to be fully discharged for it to be recharged unlike the nickel-cadmium batteries. If you compare it to other rechargeable batteries, lithium can stand up to 5 years of life. Also, when it comes to the disposal of the lithium battery, it is very easy and doesn’t contribute to high level of pollution.